Every biomass is built of molecules. The structure of those molecules can be thought off as a skeleton made of carbon atoms, oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen, phosphor and other minerals. There are countless variants of biomass. If you slowly heat up biomass in the absence of oxygen, it breaks down into its two basic components: 


Component 1: Gas

All substances that are able to gasify for example alcohols, organic acids or hydrocarbons, are released from the biomass through the heat. In the gas you can also trace degradation products of the gasifyable substances.

Component 2: Biochar

Biochar can be thought off as x-ray scan of the original biomass, which uncovers the structures of the biomass input. Biochar is very porous, but not amorphous (unshaped), this determines the essential characterises of biochar and offers a wide range of applications.